Collection override

This is the official documentation of the @forestadmin/agent Node.js agent.

Forest Admin allows customizing at a very low level the behavior of any given Collection via the usage of Collection Overrides.

Collection Overrides provide a powerful means to completely replace the default behavior of CUD operations (create, update, delete) for your Collections. This feature should be used with caution, as it directly affects the core operations on your data.

How it Works

In addition to the standard Collection functions:

  • create

  • update

  • delete

Collection Overrides allow you to define custom behavior that will entirely replace the default implementation of the create, update, and delete operations.

To define an Override for a Collection, you must specify:

  • The handler function that will be executed instead of the default operation.

The custom handler function will receive a context object containing relevant information for the operation, allowing for comprehensive control over the behavior of these CUD operations.

Setting Up Overrides

Overrides are declared similarly to hooks but are aimed at replacing an entire operation rather than augmenting its execution. However this can also be used to enrich the default behavior. Here's how to set up overrides in your Collection:

Custom Create Operation

To replace the default create operation, use overrideCreate with your custom handler:

collection.overrideCreate(async context => {
  // Custom logic to handle creation
  // contains the data intended for creation
  // Return an array of created records

Custom Update Operation

To replace the default update operation, use overrideUpdate with your custom handler:

collection.overrideUpdate(async context => {
  // Custom logic to handle update
  // context.filter to determine which records are targeted
  // context.patch contains the data for update
  // Perform update operation

Custom Delete Operation

To replace the default delete operation, use overrideDelete with your custom handler:

collection.overrideDelete(async context => {
  // Custom logic to handle deletion
  // context.filter to determine which records are targeted
  // Perform deletion operation

Overrides take precedence over the default operation. Ensure your custom handlers properly manage all necessary logic for the operation, as the default behavior will not be executed.

Basic Use Cases

Create over API

You might want to create the record with your custom API:

product.overrideCreate(async context => {
  const { data } = context;

  const response = await fetch('', {
    method: 'POST',
    body: data,
  const products = await response.json();

  return products;

Modify data before update

You might want to modify payload data before update your record:

product.overrideUpdate(async context => {
  const { patch } = context;

  // Execute data modification and validation only if one of name or slug was edited
  if ( || patch.slug) {
    const name = || patch.slug.split('-')[0];
    const uuid = await fetch('', {
      method: 'GET',
      body: { name, slug },
    }); = name;
    patch.slug = `${name}-${uuid}`;

  await context.collection.update(context.filter, context.patch);

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